Estimated Migration Flows by Gender during 2010-15 Estimated Migration Flows by Gender during 2010-15

Estimates of Global Bilateral Migration Flows by Gender between 1960 and 2015


An indirect estimation method is used to derive country to country migration flows from changes in global bilateral stock data. Estimates are obtained over five- and 10-year periods between 1960 and 2015 by gender, providing a comprehensive picture of past migration patterns. The estimated total of global international migrant flows generally increases over the 55-year time frame. The global rate of migration over five- and 10-year periods fluctuate at around 0.65 and 1.25 percent of the population, respectively. The sensitivity of estimates to alternative input stock and demographic data are explored.

In International Migration Review, 52 (3), 809–852.

Further Notes

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A new paper presenting estimates of sex-specific five-year bilateral migration flows between 1990 and 2020 was published in Scientific Data. The estimates in the new paper are from a range of methods, including the method presented in the International Migration Review article. The updated flow estimates can be downloaded from Figshare collection directly.